Not only an expert should know how many teeth dogs have. An experienced veterinarian during the examination will be able to determine if there is deviation from the norm. But the opportunity to seek qualified advice is present not always. Therefore, each caring dog owner should have information about the age at which a change of milk teeth occurs in puppies. Watching this process, possible deviations from the norm can be seen in time and ask for help.
The dental formula
So how many teeth does an adult dog have? Are there any differences from the human? Normally, an adult dog should have 42 teeth (20 upper and 22 lower). By six incisors are located on the front of the upper and lower jaw. They are used for biting food. Molars are used for chewing food. On the upper jaw there are 6 pieces of them on the left and right sides and at the lower one – by 7 teeth on both sides.
Canines are located between the incisors and molars. There are four of them: by pair of them are on the top and bottom. The function of these teeth: tearing and crushing hard food, demonstration to intimidate the enemy, use for defense and offense. In case of the bite marks of canines are most noticeable on the body as these teeth are longer than the others. In total, it turns out that in the dog’s mouth should be located at all 42 teeth: 12 incisors, 4 canines, 26 indigenous.
Influence of the breed
You can review 100 pics dog breeds and understand that they all have the same set of teeth. This is confirmed by experts. However, it is believed that miniature breeds may not have a full set of teeth. Then, how many teeth Chihuahua has? Normally, still 42 teeth should be. But the absence of the two small molars in the lower jaw is possible. Such conditionality associated with the admission of animals to shows and competitions. For most dogs their absence is unnoticed and does not affect the diet.
Change of teeth
Newborn puppy has no teeth. They begin to grow up with three weeks of age, and cut through only on the second month of life. Dates may vary in representatives of different breeds. Young puppies receive milk developed teeth at an early stage, which are replaced on permanent ones six months later. This refers to the incisors, canines, and premolars. True molars grow later and remain for the rest of their lives.
New teeth grow in place of old, milk teeth. They use existing channels for cutting. It is believed that a removable tooth root is softened when it is propped up with new tooth. This process often does not cause inconvenience to the puppy. They lose teeth or swallow them. Loss can happen while eating or playing. A small bleeding wound can remain in place of fallen tooth for some time. New permanent tooth should appear within two weeks.
Thus, it remains only a matter of how many teeth have replaceable teeth dog? If the pet has an incomplete set of teeth (less than 42 units) in the eighth month of life, it is necessary to see a specialist. You should also pay attention extra teeth at the Terriers, especially if they are not going to fall out. If you leave them, malocclusion can develop in a short time.
You can remove Milk tooth that wobbles yourself at home. If you cannot do it by hands, you can use tweezers or other suitable tool. It is necessary to prepare puppy for this. In this case experienced breeders accustom their pet to show mouth from youth.
Tightly arranged “extra” teeth, usually contributes to plaque deposition. This can lead to problems with the gums. Tartar as well as in humans, is deposited on the enamel. Its excessive growths damage the gums and promote the development of more complex pathologies. Malocclusion or extra teeth not only cause harm to the health, but also can be the cause of the dog’s disqualification at exhibitions or competitions.
Problems with teeth
Lack of teeth in dogs is usually manifested by missing of first or second incisors. This feature is found in shepherds. A pair of last molars may also be absent in Dachshunds.
Extra set appears in small breeds of terriers, spaniels and dachshunds. It may be false one due to the remaining of milk incisors and premolars or true one. In this case there is usually more than one, at least two teeth.
If you do not care for pet`s teeth, then problems may arise from it. The presence of tartar has serious impact on health of the dog. The lack of hard feed in the diet may be the cause of it (not bones, but carrots, apples, crackers). These products contribute to the removal of deposits in the process of chewing. You can remove tartar in static or mobile dog groomers or at home after a little practice. A special hook is used for this. With the help of it deposition re scraped after secure of the dog’s muzzle. You can train the pet to a regular (once a week) cleaning teeth from an early age. Soft baby brush that is worn on the fingers can be used for this purpose. And it is better to buy Special paste at the pet store.